# Was sind der K-Faktor, die Biegezulage und der Biegeabzug?

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Datum der Veröffentlichung: Mai 7, 2022

K-factor, bend allowance, and bend deduction are important values used to calculate the correct sheet metal flat length or flat pattern.

The length of the sheet in the bending state is different from the length of the flat pattern because the sheet metal will stretch and compress during bending on the Abkantpresse.

In diesem Artikel werden wir über den K-Faktor, die Biegezugabe und den Biegeabzug sprechen.

## Was ist der K-Faktor?

First, we need to understand the neutral axis. When sheet metal is bent, the bottom surface is compressed, and the top surface is stretched.

The neutral axis is located inside the metal where it will neither be compressed nor expanded, allowing it to maintain a constant length.

In flat sheet metal, the neutral axis is evenly located at half the thickness of the sheet metal, but it will move during bending.

The position change of the neutral axis is determined by various factors such as the material properties, thickness, bending angle, internal radius, and bending method of the plate.

Mathematically, the K-factor represents the ratio between the position of the neutral axis (t) and the plate thickness (T).

Dabei ist t der Abstand von der Innenfläche zur neutralen Achse und T die Metalldicke (Abbildung 1).

The K-factor is determined by the physical properties of the material, bending method, bending angle, and other factors.

It typically ranges between 0.30 and 0.50.

In precision sheet metal manufacturing, the K-factor is a crucial factor.

The K-factor is used to calculate the bending flat pattern, which is directly related to the length of the sheet metal stretched during bending.

It is the fundamental value for determining the bending allowance and bending deduction.

Since the ratio of the distance to the neutral axis to the plate thickness determines the position of the neutral axis in the metal plate, knowing the K-factor helps determine the position of the neutral axis after bending.

You can also determine the K-factor using the table below:

## Was ist die Biegezulage?

The Bend Allowance (BA) is the arc length of bending measured along the neutral axis of the metal plate since the length of the neutral axis does not change after bending.

Once the bend allowance is calculated, it should be added to the flat length to determine the required sheet metal length needed to form the desired workpiece.

Dies ist in der folgenden Abbildung dargestellt:

Die folgende Formel wird zur Berechnung der flachen Länge verwendet:

Blechplattenlänge=Beinlänge 1 +BA + Beinlänge 2

### Formel zur Berechnung der Biegezulage

Wo:

A - Biegewinkel

K - K-Faktor

T - Materialstärke

## Was ist der Kurvenabzug?

After bending, the flange length (i.e., the total length) is greater than the length of the sheet metal flat pattern.

Bend deduction is the length of material that we need to remove from the total length of the plate to obtain the correct flat pattern.

Formel für die Berechnung des Biegeabzugs:

Gemäß der obigen Abbildung ist der Biegeabzug die Differenz zwischen der Biegezugabe und dem doppelten Außenabschlag.

Biegeabzug = 2 × OSSB - BA

## Schlussfolgerung

The K-factor, bend allowance, and bend deduction are crucial factors to consider when designing and bending sheet metal parts.

By calculating these values, the material length and workpiece size can be determined, resulting in more accurate bending and reduced material waste.

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