What Is the Sheet Metal Shearing Machine?

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Publish Date: December 9, 2022

Overview of Shearing Machine

A sheet metal shearing machine is a machine specially used for shearing metal plates in the sheet metal industry.

It is usually composed of blades, pulleys, baffles, electric control systems and other components, which can cut metal sheets into various shapes and sizes.

The die of the plate shearer has many shapes, including the straight blade, the round blade, etc.

Plate shearing machines are usually used to manufacture automobiles, aerospace, machinery manufacturing, household appliances, and other products, as well as in the construction industry.

The performance of the plate shearing machine depends on the shearing capacity, accuracy, speed, reliability, etc.

What Are the Types of Shearing Machines?

Depending on the drive mode, common types of shearing machines mainly include manual sheet metal shearing machines, mechanical shearing machines, hydraulic shearing machines, and pneumatic shearing machines.

Manual plate shears refer to the equipment that can realize the up and down movement of the blade through manual operation to complete the cutting of plates.

The manual plate shears are easy to operate and suitable for cutting small plates, but their cutting accuracy is low and can not meet the needs of large plates.

The mechanical shearing machine is driven by a power device composed of a motor, a flywheel, a worm shaft, and a clutch.

Mechanical shearing machine has fast cutting speeds and more strokes per minute than the hydraulic shearing machine.

The flywheel of the mechanical shearing machine can store energy, so a motor with less horsepower can be used.

According to the operation mode, the mechanical shearing machine can be divided into the up-moving type and the down-moving type.

The power source of the hydraulic shearing machine is the hydraulic cylinder and motor.

The motor drives the hydraulic cylinder to send hydraulic oil pressure to the piston. The piston movement provides power to the piston of the upper blade.

The hydraulic shearing machine has a longer stroke and different load capacities. The materials cut with a hydraulic shearing machine are smooth with few traces.

Hydraulic shearing machines are characterized by large shearing force, stable action, and good controllability.

The hydraulic shearing machine can be divided into the swing beam shearing machine and the guillotine shearing machine.

The swing beam shearing machine realizes shearing movement by swinging the tool rest, which has the advantages of high speed, high shearing accuracy, and high efficiency.

The guillotine shearing machine can be either hydraulically driven or mechanically driven.

Its main components include a working table, upper and lower blades, the hydraulic piston, the clamping tool, and the blank holder.

The guillotine shearing machine can cut plates of different thicknesses and lengths.

The movable blade of the guillotine shearing machine can be straight or inclined to reduce the force required for cutting.

The guillotine shearing machine has fast cutting speed, large cutting thickness, and length, and is suitable for mass production.

However, the cut edges are rough and not very beautiful.

The pneumatic shearing machine refers to the equipment that can realize the up and down movement of the blade through the pneumatic system to complete the cutting of plates.

The pneumatic plate shearing machine can adjust the movement of the blade through air pressure and has high shearing speed and accuracy.

The pneumatic shearing machine is usually used for cutting special plates, such as plates with high hardness and strength.

As the pneumatic shearing machine has high cutting speed and accuracy, they are suitable for high-speed and high-precision cutting.

The shearing machine has different ways of shearing plates, which can be divided into the linear shearing machine and the circular shearing machine.

The linear shearing machine is driven by hydraulic devices and can cut metal plates that are thicker.

The circular plate shearing machine is driven by a motor and is able to cut round metal plates.

Each type of shearing machine has its own advantages and is suitable for different cutting.

Users can select the type of shearing machine suitable for themselves according to their needs and the characteristics of the materials.

For example, if users need to cut small plates, the manual shearing machine may be a good choice.

If the user needs to cut large plates, the guillotine shearing machine or pneumatic shearing machine may be a better choice.

What Are the Main Components of the Shearing Machine?

The main components of the shearing machine include the working table, upper and lower shearing blades, clamping tools, baffles, and electric elements.

The blade is the main working part of the shearing machine, usually made of high-strength steel, with good hardness and wear resistance.

The blade can be moved up and down to cut the sheet. The clamp is used to fix the metal sheet to be cut, so as to cut more accurately.

The baffle is a safety protection part of the plate shearing machine.

It is usually made of high-strength metal materials, which can prevent the plate from being impacted by external forces.

The baffle is usually installed near the blade edge of the shearing machine, which can effectively protect the safety of workers.

The electric elements are the control part of the shearing machine, which is usually composed of a circuit board, a motor, and a controller.

The electric elements can monitor and control the running state of the shear to ensure the safe operation of the shearing machine.

What Is the Working Principle of the Shearing Machine?

The working principle of the shearing machine is to cut the sheet metal into the required size and shape by moving the blade up and down.

First, it is necessary to place the plate on the blade of the shearing machine to make the plate contact with the blade.

Through the control of the electric elements, start the motor of the shearing machine to make the blade move up and down.

The blade shears the sheet through the driving system.

During the whole working process, the protection device will play the role of safety protection to prevent the plate from being impacted by external forces.

The shearing machine will also adjust the speed of the blade according to the type and size of the materials to achieve accurate shearing of the plate.

Features of the Shearing Machine

The shearing machine shears the metal plates to the required size through the moving blade up and down, with very high accuracy.

The shearing machine can control the movement speed of the blade through the electric elements to achieve accurate shearing.

The shearing machine can cut a wide range of materials, including stainless steel plates, aluminum plates, copper plates, and other different types of plates.

The shearing machine is easy to operate and safe. Now the operation of CNC shearing machine only needs to master the basic operation methods.

The safety protection parts of the shearing machine can effectively prevent the plates from being impacted by external forces and protect the safety of workers.

What Is the Shearing Machine Mainly Used for?

The shearing machine can achieve high-precision and high-speed cutting of plates, providing effective support for industrial production.

Shearing machines are widely used in machinery manufacturing, aerospace, automobile manufacturing and other industries.

In the aerospace industry, the shearing machine can be used to cut high-strength steel plates to make aircraft parts.

The shearing machine can be used to cut steel plates and aluminum plates to manufacture parts such as automobile bodies and doors.

The shearing machine can also be used in household appliances, electronic products, building decoration, and other fields.

For example, in the household appliance industry, the shearing machine can be used to cut stainless steel plates to make products such as refrigerators and airconditioners.

In the electronics industry, the shearing machine can be used to cut aluminum plates to make products such as computer shells and mobile phone shells.

What Are the Blade Materials of Shearing Machine?

The blade of the shearing machine is mainly made of high-speed steel, carbon steel and other materials.

High-speed steel is a kind of commonly used blade material with high wear resistance and rigidity.

High-speed steel has high stiffness, which can effectively improve the cutting efficiency of the shearing machine.

High-speed steel blades can effectively improve the shearing accuracy of the shearing machine after fine processing.

Carbon steel is a common blade material with low cost and high toughness.

The carbon steel blade has high toughness, which can effectively resist the vibration and deformation of the blade during shearing.

After fine heat treatment, the carbon steel blade can effectively improve the shearing accuracy of the shearing machine.

In general, the blade materials of the shearing machine include high-speed steel, hard alloy, and carbon steel and so on.

The selection of blade materials depends on the working conditions and budget of the shearing machine.

Future Development Trends of the Shearing Machine

The future development trend of the shearing machine may be affected by many factors, including economic development, market demand, technological progress.

The shearing machine may become more advanced and have more intelligent functions with the development of intelligent technology.

Such as automatic adjustment of blade position, automatic identification of plate type and thickness, etc.

The shearing machine may become more efficient, and more efficient production management and quality control can be achieved through digital technology.

The shearing machine may become more integrated to achieve seamless connection with other equipment and improve production efficiency and quality.

The shearing machine will decrease the impact on the environment by reducing energy consumption and emissions of pollutants.

Conclusion

This article introduces the main types, main components, working principles, characteristics, applications, blade materials, etc. of shearing machines.

Plate shearing machines are widely used in the manufacturing industry and are very edible machinery and equipment.

To purchase a suitable shearing machine, you need to know the function, price, warranty, etc. of the shearing machine in detail.

ADH is a sheet metal processing machine manufacturer with 20 years of experience.

The quality and performance of the press brake, plate shearing machine, laser cutting machine, and other machines are guaranteed.

FAQs

What Are the Famous Manufacturers of the Shearing Machine?

Plate shearing machine is an important manufacturing equipment, which is produced and sold by many manufacturers.

There are many famous shearing machine manufacturers, such as Adira, Amada, JMT USA, Cincinnati, Baykal, LVD, Safan Darley, and ADH.

These manufacturers have produced high-quality and high-performance shearing machines, which are widely welcomed by customers.

Price of the Shearing Machine

The price of the shearing machine is affected by many factors, including manufacturer,quality, function, and performance.

In addition, market demand and share will also affect the price of the shearing machine.

In order to obtain more detailed information, it is recommended that you contact the manufacturer for consultation.

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